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Master Thesis

Challenge inter-lycées 2019 contre le tabac et les addictions : analyse quantitative de l'impact d'un défi collectif sur la réduction et l’arrêt du tabac dans 10 lycées de la région Grand Est

Abstract : Introduction: adolescence is the main entrance to smoking. It is therefore during high school, time of the first regular smoking, that it is necessary to act in the most efficient way against this addiction to decrease health risks. The aim of this study is to quantify the number of smokers who have stopped or reduced their consumption of tobacco as part of an interclass challenge. Methodology: it was a quantitative prospective, cross-functional and multicenter study,carried out for 1 month in 10 high schools in the french Grand-Est. It studied first graders who participated in a motivational conference. Their knowledge of tobacco and smoking was assessed and updated through a didactic quiz. They were asked to fill in questionnaires distributed on D0 and D30. Non-smokers were invited to encourage, especially via social networks, smokers who were trying to change their tobacco consumption. The winning class won a day at an amusement park. Results: 1,341 high school students participated in the study on D0 and 915 on D30 including 347 and 225 smokers, respectively. At 1 month, 36% of smokers students (n = 71) had stopped smoking, 38% (n = 75) had reduced it. Finally, the quiz scores went from 8.89/20 to 17.23/20 after our intervention. Conclusion: at the end of the Challenge, three quarters of smokers favorably changed their tobacco consumption and more than a third quit smoking. Knowledge acquired seems sustainable. Long-term impact of this intervention must be assessed and a case-control study would be relevant, but these results already encourage national deployment.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03279664
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 4:10:21 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 3:48:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 7, 2021 - 6:58:37 PM

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Amaury Bourguignon d'Herbigny. Challenge inter-lycées 2019 contre le tabac et les addictions : analyse quantitative de l'impact d'un défi collectif sur la réduction et l’arrêt du tabac dans 10 lycées de la région Grand Est. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03279664⟩

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