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Master Thesis

Perturbateurs endocriniens : prévention et conseils pratiques concernant les produits de consommation courante

Abstract : The concept of "endocrine disruptor" was first introduced in 1991 by Theodora Colborn at the Wingspread conference. This expression refers to molecules capable of interacting with the hormonal functioning of living organisms and thus causing harmful effects on health and the environment. They are unlike other substances as they are able to act via their own action mechanisms. Indeed, endocrine disruptors cause stronger effects at low doses than at high doses. They are also capable of interacting with each other, this is called the cocktail effect. That is to say that the substances, individually, have no effect but can induce it if they are present together in the body. The effects of endocrine disruptors are latent in the long term and can be transgenerational. Therefore, when a pregnant woman is exposed, her fetus is also exposed. This exposure has an impact on the baby but also on its descendants. Thus it appears that certain periods of life such as pregnancy, infancy and puberty are more vulnerable to these substances. Nowadays, we see an increase in a large number of chronic diseases in which endocrine disruptors are suspected to participate in their development. These include obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hormone-dependent cancers, reproductive diseases and autistic or hyperactivity disorders. Therefore, it seems important to teach anyone to recognize these substances and to identify them in their daily lives. Indeed, they are omnipresent: in the air, water, soils, food, everyday objects, etc. It is crucial to offer simple prevention advice, especially on PEs in everyday consumer products.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 4:23:12 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, August 28, 2021 - 3:12:30 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-03283095, version 1



Caroline Gaucher. Perturbateurs endocriniens : prévention et conseils pratiques concernant les produits de consommation courante. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2021. ⟨dumas-03283095⟩



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