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Master Thesis

Étude qualitative des représentations, freins et motivations face à la prévention solaire dans les écoles à La Réunion

Abstract : Importance : The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is increasing in Reunion island thus joining the highest incidence worldwide. The main risk factor for melanoma is exposure during childhood. Yet sun prevention remains insufficient in schools in Reunion island. Objectives : to explore the representations, obstacles and motivations facing sun protection among the main players in children's sun protection: their parents, teachers and the children themselves. Methods : Qualitative study with semistructured individual interviews among 14 primary school children, 13 parents of students and 13 teachers. The data were collected from September 2019 to November 2020. The theoretical sufficiency of the data was investigated. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, coded, trianguled, analyzed and then modeled using the grounded theory approach. Results : All 40 participants expressed their protective habits, which varied according to exposure. Protection was less during daily activities including school time. The practical and financial constraints were identified by the parents. The teachers noted the lack of resources, inadequate infrastructure and no training. In addition, the responsibility for the sun protection of children was a point of disagreement between parents and teachers. Children limited their application of protective measures mainly due to lack of comfort. Conclusion and relevance : Sun protection for children in schools is the responsibility of schools, parents and society.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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Contributor : La Réunion Université Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, August 19, 2021 - 11:53:22 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 5:56:42 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, November 20, 2021 - 7:01:39 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03322537, version 1


Mathilde Marx. Étude qualitative des représentations, freins et motivations face à la prévention solaire dans les écoles à La Réunion. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2021. ⟨dumas-03322537⟩



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