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Master Thesis

Psychomotricité, complexité et transdisciplinarité

Abstract : How can the complexity paradigm be used to consider the object of study of psychomotricity, psychomotricity as a discipline and, more broadly, teamwork? This dissertation aims to bring elements of reflection to this interrogation. First, we recontextualised the organisation of knowledge in general, the emergence of disciplines, the way they interact with each other and define themselves in relation to each other. This led us to discuss the differences between multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity. We then introduced the Complex Thought of the sociologist Edgar Morin, which is embedded in the systemic approach. In a second step, we saw how relevant it is to conceive the psychomotor development and functioning of Man in the light of the complexity paradigm. This was an opportunity to link philosophical monism - which psychomotor therapy claims to be based on - with phenomenology, which is used as a tool for understanding psychomotricity, always in a complex perspective. This was also an opportunity to link philosophical monism - which psychomotor therapy claims to be based on - with phenomenology, which is used as a tool for understanding psychomotor therapy, always in a complex perspective. The object of study of psychomotricity, which is the human being - Homos complexus – is intrinsically complex in its multiple dimensions, which implies a discipline of globality itself made of aspects that sometimes are seemingly paradoxical. Thus, we highlight here the dichotomies that exist inside this discipline in an attempt to reconcile them within a heterogeneous epistemology. We therefore conclude that an internal transdisciplinarity of psychomotricity emerges, due to the diversity of its components: neurology, psychoanalysis, developmental psychology and phenomenology ... Finally, in a wider vision of healthcare, in which psychomotricity intervenes, we asked ourselves how we could find this transdisciplinary spirit in the dynamics of teamwork. We illustrate this with clinical situations experienced in the field before presenting the results of a survey carried out among care professionals. The results give us an idea of the vision that professionals have of their work and the ideal vision that they hold of it. This ideal does not necessarily correspond to the transdisciplinarity that the complexity paradigm invites us to strive for in practice. We invite the reader to think about psychomotor therapy in the light of complexity, to embrace the richness of the contributions that arise from the discipline itself, in order to perhaps reassess their practice within a team of care professionals.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 20, 2021 - 2:18:02 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, August 28, 2021 - 3:12:31 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, November 21, 2021 - 8:49:46 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03323147, version 1



Charlotte Sanchez. Psychomotricité, complexité et transdisciplinarité. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. 2021. ⟨dumas-03323147⟩



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