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Master Thesis

Perception et connaissances des étudiant(e)s sages-femmes sur la notion de deuil périnatal

Abstract : Context: midwifery students sometimes face perinatal bereavement situations during their training. Regardless of the context (MFIU, IMG, FCT, neonatal or maternal death), students must be prepared to manage these patients for whom pregnancy has just passed. Their knowledge and perception of the midwife’s rôle in these situations, as well as their vision of the midwifery profession, could enable them to provide the best possible support to patients experiencing bereavement, but could also act as a brake on their clinical practice. Objective: the main objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and perception of students midwives on the notion of perinatal bereavement within the midwifery profession.
Population and method: we carried out a descriptive, cross-sectionnal and multicentre study based on a questionnaire available online and intended for midwifery students in their second year of a bachelor’s degree in maieutic sciences. The study was conducted from September to November 2020. Results: we collected 247 student responses from 17 midwifery school in France. We found out that midwifery students have correct knowledge about the different role of the midwife in perinatal bereavement situations with an average on the knowledge test of 13,97/20. Their perception of perinatal bereavement is rather negative. In fact, 87,38 % of the students described the management of patients in a bereavement situation as difficult. Their feeling were 70,10 % negative with various emotions such as sadness (92,06%). The results of our study show that the students would like to be informed about the concept of perinatal bereavement in midwifery before (86,43%) and during their training (97,99%). We found that students who had already completed a maternity internship (p=0,02) or who had doubled their 2nd year of bachelor’s degree (p=0,012) had a better feeling about situations of death in maternity. Conclusion: our study showed that students need to be informed and supervised regarding perinatal bereavement situations.The objective would be for them to participate in the management of patients experiencing bereavement in an optimal way. This could be achieved through interventions by experienced midwives, debates, role-playing and simulation.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03347509
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Submitted on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 11:47:43 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:50:25 PM

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Alicia Musi. Perception et connaissances des étudiant(e)s sages-femmes sur la notion de deuil périnatal. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2021. ⟨dumas-03347509⟩

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