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Master Thesis

Effets de la chaussure minimaliste chez le coureur à pied

Abstract : Background: The popularity of barefoot running or with minimalist shoes has recently increased due to claims of injury prevention, improved running efficiency and better performance compared to run with running shoes. The potential risks and benefits of running barefoot or with minimalist shoes have not yet been clearly defined. Aim: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of minimalist shoes compared to traditional, or even maximalist shoes , on injuries, running biomechanics, joint pressures and constraints and also on the pain. Methods: The medical databases PEDro, Pubmed and Cochrane library were consulted to gather 6 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for this review. The studies had to include runners without pathology. Results: A total of 439 runners were studied when running, comparing the two different shoe styles (minimalist and maximalist). The evidence supports the following biomechanical differences in barefoot running compared to running with shoes: decrease of the global load rate, of the knee stress, but an increase of the stress of the forefoot, the ankle and the leg segment. In addition, there are more calf injuries but fewer knee and hip injuries in minimalist runners and less plantar fasciitis. Conclusion: Running in minimalist shoes appears to increase the likelihood of injury and changes in running biomechanics may have both positive and negative effects.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03355822
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Submitted on : Monday, September 27, 2021 - 3:28:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 1, 2021 - 3:25:25 AM

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Flavio Cuordifede. Effets de la chaussure minimaliste chez le coureur à pied. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03355822⟩

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