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Master Thesis

Impact de la pliométrie sur les récidives d'entorse de cheville

Abstract : Introduction: Ankle sprains are an important public health problem in the world. In addition to being one of the most frequent pathologies, there is a 70% recurrence rate. Plyometric exercises are recommended to prevent lower limb injuries in athletes. But their effects on ankle sprains are still unclear. Objective: The aim of this study is to put forward the application of a technique dedicated to optimize sportsman’s power in a common pathology and to see these effects on the recurrence of this pathology. Methodology: Researches were performed on databases such as PubMed, Pedro, and Cochrane. The selected studies had to be randomized clinical trials including adult athletes with sprains in months or years preceding the studies and with residual symptoms. Studies that did not include these factors, studies with a low PEDro score (<5/10) or studies with a long publication date were excluded. Indeed, the neuromuscular component of the technique being recent, studies dating from a too long period would not take into account this aspect in the study. Results : Five randomized clinical trials were included in this meta analysis. Results of the experimental groups are globally significant, leading to an increased knee flexion during the landing jump and favoring unloading reaction strategies. This strategy allows delaying the critical moment of the sprain and thus giving the muscles more time to stabilize the ankle. Discussion: Although studies are recent and of rather good quality, it is necessary to develop other studies in the future to be able to affirm that plyometrics can be one of the pillar trainings for the prevention of ankle sprains in the future.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 28, 2021 - 4:23:10 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-03357070, version 1



Thibault Martin. Impact de la pliométrie sur les récidives d'entorse de cheville. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03357070⟩



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