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Master Thesis

Effets de l'utilisation du Kinesio Taping dans la prise en charge des patientes atteintes d'un lymphœdème secondaire au cancer du sein

Abstract : Background: Lymphedema is a common and much feared complication after breast cancer. It causes numerous physical and psychological repercussions, significantly altering the quality of life of women by constantly reminding them of the ordeals they have been through. To date, there is no consensus on the most effective treatment. Created in the 1970s, Kinesiotaping has been in vogue for several years. However, there is insufficient evidence in the current literature to validate the effectiveness of this technique on the effects we attribute to it and particularly on its ability to reduce the volume of lymphedema. Objective: To evaluate the effects of the use of kinesiotaping in the management of patients with lymphedema secondary to breast cancer. To determine whether it can be considered an effective alternative to compression bandaging for lymphedema reduction. Methods: PubMed, PEDro, Cochrane Library, and Kinedoc databases and search engines were searched from November to December 2020. Only randomized controlled trials and pilot randomized controlled trials were included. Studies were assessed for methodological quality using the PEDro scale. Results: 7 articles met the eligibility criteria and were included in our review. All of them showed that the kinesio tape had a positive effect on lymphedema reduction (perimeter and volume). It seems that it can also have an effect on the so-called "subjective" symptoms and that it is more comfortable and practical than bandages. The results nevertheless show that the kinesio tape is more likely to cause allergic reactions. However, compared to the placebo group or other treatments, it did not have a significant effect. Discussion: Even if it does not bring any added value in the reduction of edema, the subjective sensations felt by the patient seem to be improved. Nevertheless, with regard to the various cutaneous effects that may occur, its use seems recommended only when serious precautions are taken. At this stage, the level of evidence is insufficient to decide to replace compression bandages with K-Taping on people who have no contraindication to compression. Further studies are therefore necessary to validate or not the use of these bands in the field of lymphoedema.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03357894
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 29, 2021 - 9:45:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 3:27:50 AM

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Laura Mayor. Effets de l'utilisation du Kinesio Taping dans la prise en charge des patientes atteintes d'un lymphœdème secondaire au cancer du sein. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03357894⟩

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