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Master Thesis

L'électrostimulation, un outil supplémentaire dans la réhabilitation respiratoire chez les patients atteints de BPCO

Abstract : Background and objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a pulmonary disease which is becoming more and more frequent in France, with 3,5 millions of people affected. This pathology has a certain impact on patients’ quality life, their exercise tolerance and it causes a fast physical and psychological deterioration. The purpose of this review was to look for an additional treatment to COPD patients care in their rehabilitation program (RP). Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) seems to have a part in this specific rehabilitation. Method: Pedro and Cochrane databases and grey litterature were used to pick 5 studies with PICO model. Protocols needed to apply NMES on the quadriceps and evaluate the distance made at the 6 minutes walk test (6-MWT). Outcomes: In the studies, the control group was doing RP only meanwhile the intervention group was getting NMES in addition to RP. 4 studies show conclusive results : there is an increase from + 43,2 m to + 107 m between the control group and the group with NMES. However, results are less significant when RP is more extensive or when NMES is applied less frequently. Conclusion : Studies on NMES application in addition of RP seem promising but still need new research with a larger population, a NMES more frequent with patients having an intensive RP to see if this positive trend is confirmed.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03358604
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 29, 2021 - 2:41:11 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 7, 2021 - 3:26:31 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03358604, version 1

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Sofia Sahli. L'électrostimulation, un outil supplémentaire dans la réhabilitation respiratoire chez les patients atteints de BPCO. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03358604⟩

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