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Master Thesis

L’accompagnement proposé par le médecin généraliste en matière d’allaitement maternel à l’île de la Réunion

Abstract : Introduction: WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life. Currently, less than 70% of newborns are breastfed in France. The rates are 78% on Reunion Island. The primary objective is to explore the support for breastfeeding offered by the GP on Reunion Island. The secondary objective is to identify the existence of local peculiarities leading to higher rates of breastfeeding. Method: The study is qualitative, carried out by 2 focus groups. The recruitment of general practitioners was done by convenience during the Indian Ocean Pediatrics Congress 2020 Edition. Results: There were 18 participants. Parenthood of the doctor gives a personal experience of breastfeeding. It is enriched by self-study and problem solving, in a proportional way. The representations of doctors are the result of this personal experience and the influence of society. Helped by the doctor-patient relationship, this experience gives the general practitioner skills. Motivator and scout, he is a trusted and first-rate professional. This study cannot explain the higher breastfeeding rates in Réunion. Prof. L. Pourchez hypothesizes that this would be due to the insular context and the training of health professionals, intended to be intense and prolonged, carried out in isolation in Réunion. Conclusion: Self-training, first used by their personal experience, constitutes the theoretical and practical basis of breastfeeding support offered by general practitioners in Réunion.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 11:56:28 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 22, 2021 - 4:28:06 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03377754, version 1


Marion Hoarau. L’accompagnement proposé par le médecin généraliste en matière d’allaitement maternel à l’île de la Réunion. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2021. ⟨dumas-03377754⟩



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