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Master Thesis

Engagement des femmes dans des actions contre les inégalités de genre : le rôle de l'idéologie néolibérale

Abstract : In this study, we explore the role neoliberal ideology plays in the engagement of women in feminist collective action. Indeed, despite enduring gender inequalities in our society, all women do not engage in collective action for gender equality. Our hypothesis is that neoliberalism, which is the dominant ideology in France today, through the beliefs and values it carries, such as meritocracy and individualism, reduces the perception of inequalities, and increases gender specific system justification. Furthermore, even if individuals think that change is possible, we hypothesis that they would propose individual actions rather than collective ones. Using texts and profiles, we induce neoliberal ideology in one condition, determinist ideology in another, and we have a control group where no ideology is induced to compare effects. Our results show a mediation effect: participants in the neoliberal condition justify the system more than in the others and propose less collective actions. However, we haven’t found any effect of the ideologies on the perception of possibility of change nor on perception of the importance of the problem but we found an effect of gender on the last one: women perceive the problem as more important than men. Women also justify the system less than do men. Moreover, analyses of the actions proposed by the participants show effects on normativity, disruptivity and on the type of actions proposed, and particularly an effect of system justification that increases normativity and resignation and reduces the disruptivity of the actions proposed by the participants.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03384695
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:06:23 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 30, 2022 - 3:34:55 AM

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Marianne Fellouse. Engagement des femmes dans des actions contre les inégalités de genre : le rôle de l'idéologie néolibérale. Psychologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03384695⟩

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