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Master Thesis

La supplémentation en acides gras oméga-3 à l’officine a-t-elle un intérêt dans la prévention du risque cardiovasculaire ?

Abstract : The interest of omega-3 fatty acids (ω3-FA) in cardiovascular health has been growing in recent years. Observational studies on populations that consume large quantities of fish have shown a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease. This has highlighted a possible benefit of a high consumption of ω3-FA on the cardiovascular system, in particular eicosapentaenoic acid EPA and docosahexaenoic acid DHA. These properties were subsequently demonstrated through studies on supplementation by food and dietary supplements. Despite controversial results, researchers agree that an increased intake of ω3-FA is effective in reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, current nutritional studies show that 99% of the population is deficient in ω3-FA. Apart from cardiovascular health, ω3-FA is an important lipid for the proper functioning of the body. To fight against these deficiencies in France, the ANSES and its 4th Programme National Nutrition Santé recommends increasing the intake of ω3-FA through a higher consumption of fish, particularly fatty fish, and through a better intake of edible oils, particularly rapeseed and nut oils. Nevertheless, diet has its limits and can hardly provide the effective doses to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. For this reason, dietary supplements rich in EPA and DHA available in pharmacies therefore appear to be of interest in a tailored approach to the patient’s requirements.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03432382
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 11:26:27 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 2, 2021 - 3:40:51 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03432382, version 1

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Manon Encinas. La supplémentation en acides gras oméga-3 à l’officine a-t-elle un intérêt dans la prévention du risque cardiovasculaire ?. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2020. ⟨dumas-03432382⟩

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