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Master Thesis

Évaluation des connaissances et perceptions des femmes entre 18 et 55 ans sur les risques cardio-vasculaires, en médecine générale

Abstract : Cardio-cerebro-vascular diseases (CCVD) are the leading cause of death in women worldwide and are increasingly affecting young women.
Goal: évaluate the knowledge of women between 18 and 55 years old, on the cardiovascular risk (CVR), in general practice.
Method: a descriptive, prospective and multicenter epidemiological study, carried out in Paris region, including 300 women between 18 and 55 years old, consultant in general practice. Data collection was done by self-questionnaire. A descriptive and bivariate analysis were performed.
Results: the main risk factors, except diabetes, as well as factors that improve CVR were generally well known. The periods of life and symptoms of myocardial infarction represented areas of deficiencies. Only 51% women cited CCVC as the leading cause of death's women and less than one third knew that it affected women more than men. Women's perceptions of their cardiovascular risk remains insufficient: 26,3% underestimate it. Only the presence of informations was determinant of the level of overall knowledge. The presence of family or personal antecedents, age and the presence of active or weaned smoking influenced the perception of CVR.
Conclusion: overall knowledge and perceptions of cardiovascular risk in women remains to be improved. Training doctors on the specificities of cardiovascular risk in women, and the awareness and information of the general public must be continued.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03479889
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 3:06:59 PM
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Astrid Homassel. Évaluation des connaissances et perceptions des femmes entre 18 et 55 ans sur les risques cardio-vasculaires, en médecine générale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-03479889⟩

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