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Master Thesis

Impact pronostique d’une mutation BRAF chez les patients opérés de métastases hépatiques de cancer colorectal : méta-analyse

Abstract : Background. Data regarding clinical outcomes of patients undergoing hepatic resection for BRAF-mutated colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) are scarce. Most of the studies report an impaired median overall survival (OS) in BRAF-mutated patients, but controversial results regarding both recurrence-free survival (RFS) and recurrence patterns. The purpose of this updated meta-analysis was to better precise the impact of BRAF mutations on clinical outcomes following liver surgery for CRLM study, especially on recurrence. Methods. A systematic literature review was performed to identify articles reporting clinical outcomes including both OS and RFS, recurrence patterns, and clinicopathological details of patients who underwent complete liver resection for CRLM, stratified according to BRAF mutational status. Results. Thirteen retrospective studies, including 5,192 patients, met the inclusion criteria. The analysis revealed that both OS (OR = 1.981; 95% CI = [1.613-2.432]) and RFS (OR = 1.49; 95% CI [1.01-2.21]) were impaired following liver surgery for CRLM in BRAF-mutated patients. Risks of both hepatic (OR = 0.42; 95% CI [0.18-0.98]) and extrahepatic recurrences (OR = 0.53; 95% CI [0.33-0.83] were significantly higher in BRAF-mutated patients. These patients tended to have higher rates of right-sided colon primary tumors, primary positive lymph nodes, and multiple CRLM. Conclusions. This meta-analysis confirms that BRAF mutations impair both OS and RFS following liver surgery. Therefore, BRAF mutational status should probably be included in further prognostic scores for the assessment of the expected clinical outcomes following surgery for CRLM.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Monday, January 17, 2022 - 11:52:52 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 3:38:20 AM
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Laurence Gau. Impact pronostique d’une mutation BRAF chez les patients opérés de métastases hépatiques de cancer colorectal : méta-analyse. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03528510⟩



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