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Master Thesis

Conséquences d'un traumatisme des dents temporaires sur les dents définitives : une revue systématique

Abstract : Objective: dental trauma is a frequent reason for consultation in pediatric dentistry and its consequences may be observed on the permanent dentition. As these consequences are not immediately visible, the dentist should be able to anticipate complications based on the clinical situation during the emergency or follow-up appointment. The aim of this study is to verify whether the age at the time of trauma and/or the type of trauma are associated with sequelae on permanent teeth. Materials and methods: this is a systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA protocol. The PUBMED and DOSS databases were searched using a combination of keywords. Articles were selected by title, abstract, and full-text reading, provided that they met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Bias and study quality were analyzed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Results: 15 articles were included in the review and their data were extracted and analyzed. Sequelae were observed in 35.65% of permanent teeth. The highest incidence of sequelae was 49% and was observed in the 1-2 year age group, decreasing as the child grew. The type of trauma also influences the future of the permanent teeth. Intrusions and expulsions had the highest incidence with 29% and 27.1% of sequelae respectively. Conclusion: age and type of trauma are among the most important risk factors: the younger the child is at the time of the trauma, the more frequent and severe are the sequelae on permanent teeth, in particular for intrusions and expulsions. The dentist will have to increase his vigilance in front of one of these parameters. A regular follow-up will be essential in order to diagnose possible complications and to quickly propose an adequate treatment.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 3, 2022 - 11:01:04 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 5, 2022 - 3:38:54 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 6:58:19 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03554316, version 1



Thibaud Dessenne. Conséquences d'un traumatisme des dents temporaires sur les dents définitives : une revue systématique. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2022. ⟨dumas-03554316⟩



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