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Master Thesis

Étude des expériences vécues comme grossophobes par les patients en surpoids ou obèses dans le milieu des soins, et les conséquences sur leur prise en charge médicale

Abstract : Context: The way obesity is dealt with is a vital challenge for public health. However, more and more patients are reporting discrimination based on their body weight from within the medical field. Objective: To establish an inventory of fat-phobia experiences among overweight or obese patients in the medical environment and the consequences of it on their medical care. Method: A quantitative, observational, descriptive, transverse study based on an online questionnaire which collected patients' feelings on the issue of fat-phobia in the medical environment. Questionnaires were also distributed by dieticians. An optional question allowed respondents to describe a situation they perceived as discriminatory. These data were analysed and triangulated using an inductive method. Results: 104 questionnaires were analysed. 87% of the respondents felt they had experienced fat-phobia in the medical environment. The higher the BMI, the greater the feeling of fat-phobia. The main behaviours reported were paternalism, devaluation or mockery. These events caused the patients to feel anger, sadness and shame and could also lead to increased anxiety. For some, these prejudices had caused delays in diagnostics and misdiagnoses. 64% of the respondents had already stopped a medical follow-up because of these discriminations. Conclusion: According to the respondents, fat-phobia is still too present in the medical environment and has a negative impact on their care. It can be responsible for a break in medical follow-up and avoidance of care. It is therefore essential to reduce the prejudices from caregivers in order to offer better care to these patients.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03616950
Contributor : Jean-Hugues Morneau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 9:50:01 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 24, 2022 - 3:41:06 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03616950, version 1

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Aurore Le Merle, Raphaël Payeur. Étude des expériences vécues comme grossophobes par les patients en surpoids ou obèses dans le milieu des soins, et les conséquences sur leur prise en charge médicale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2022. ⟨dumas-03616950⟩

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