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Master Thesis

Orthophonie et syndrome d’apnées obstructives du sommeil de l’enfant

Abstract : Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to many complications, especially in a growing child, with medical consequences (ENT, dental deformities, growth), but also neuropsychological (executive functions in particular the attentional ability). Our present study was designed to assess the main orofacial area-related physiological functions and attentional capacities in young children with OSA. For this, we performed a speech assessment on 28 children with polysomnography-diagnosed OSA (aged from 2 years 3 months to 6 years 3 months). We mainly found that children with OSA had a high prevalence of mouth breathing (86%) and substantial dysfunctions of the orofacial area with subsequent feeding difficulties. Furthermore, they demonstrated low lexical capacities and attentional deficit. The recurrence of disorders involving the field of expertise of speech therapists highlights the increasing role of the latter in the multidisciplinary approach of screening and treatment of pediatric OSA.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 30, 2016 - 1:27:57 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 14, 2019 - 9:06:06 PM


  • HAL Id : dumas-01357739, version 1


Pauline Jouet, Sarah Santacruz. Orthophonie et syndrome d’apnées obstructives du sommeil de l’enfant. Sciences cognitives. 2016. ⟨dumas-01357739⟩



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