Les enjeux de la participation dans l'élaboration des documents de planification : quand l'avenir du territoire appelle la mobilisation de ses acteurs, l'exemple des projets de territoire à Nîmes métropole et dans le parc naturel régional de Chartreuse

Abstract : The SRU Act (law on urban solidarity and rehabilitation) of December 13th 2000 marked in France a renewal of spatial planning exercises. They are now part of the larger territory and pursue more transversal objectives than the only physical organization of space. This renewal comes in a context of widespread societal, political and territorial complexification that is accompanied by a growing unpredictability of the future. This context requires an overhaul of ambitions and ways of doing spatial planning: from a linear process (definition of the plan, implementation of the plan), it has to become adaptable, without losing sight of the objectives initially set. Planning now must be strategic and spatialized. Amongst the dimensions of this new way of planning, this dissertation focuses more specifically on the place of participation in the implementation of these new planning exercises. Participation is understood here in the broad sense of the involvement of all actors as stakeholders, who collectively contribute to the definition of a shared vision of the future of their territory. If the Territorial Coherence Plan is the flagship document of the evolution of planning in France, this dissertation opts to take an interest in other less studied strategic planning approaches: territorial projects. Two approaches of territorial prospective will be analyzed: the Nîmes Métropole 2030 Territorial Project and the revision of the Chartreuse Regional Natural Park’s charter 2020-2035. These will show the diversity of exercises and contexts of implementation with nevertheless this common will to involve widely to co-construct a unifying vision of the future of the territory.
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Master Thesis
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Lauranne Klimerack. Les enjeux de la participation dans l'élaboration des documents de planification : quand l'avenir du territoire appelle la mobilisation de ses acteurs, l'exemple des projets de territoire à Nîmes métropole et dans le parc naturel régional de Chartreuse. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. 2018. ⟨dumas-01880647⟩

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