Les nouvelles substances psychoactives : une nouvelle matrice des addictions ? Revue de la littérature et étude de cas

Abstract : New psychoactives substances (NSP) infiltrated drug markets about twenty years ago. All kind of drugs are imitated. The main families representing NSP are synthetic cathinones (CaS) and synthetic cannabinoids (CS). Among others, pharmaceutical drugs might be diverted as NSP. NSP are considered to be substances of abuse, either in a pure form or preparation, that are not controlled by the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs or the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances but which may pose a public health threat. Numerous complications are arising from NSP consumption : somatic, psychiatric but also fatalities. The relentless spread of NSP and their potential serious complications don’t allow health professionals to ignore any longer their existence. The main objective of this thesis was to assess somatic, psychiatric and drug addiction related issues linked to NSP, through review of litterature and a case study. First part of this work consists of a review of literature on synthetic cannabinoids. The second part concerns a review of literature on two main products from the synthetic cathinones group : MDPV & α-PVP. A third and last part involves a case report on a less well-known NSP, ethylphenidate (EPH). If numerous protocols exist to this day concerning acute intoxications, the persistent emergence of novel substances and new complications associated to them, make necessary the pursuit of inquiries and new studies in order to improve the actions to be carried out in terms of health, public health and prevention measures.
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Master Thesis
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Amandine Scocard. Les nouvelles substances psychoactives : une nouvelle matrice des addictions ? Revue de la littérature et étude de cas. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02073315⟩

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