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Master Thesis

Le sureau noir : une plante traditionnelle et contemporaine

Abstract : Sambucus nigra L. or black elder is a shrub of the family Adoxaceae. It is common throughout France, and is also present in almost all Europe, Asia Minor, Caucasus, Western Siberia and North Africa. The slightly creamy white flowers are arranged in corymbiform cymes with five branches. The fruit is a 3-seeded berry, shiny black when ripe. For thousands of years, the elderberry is used for its medicinal properties including laxatives, diuretic and sudorific. The flower and the fruit of the black elderberry belong to the list A of medicinal plants of the French Pharmacopoeia XIth edition. They are found in dietary supplements that are mainly used to stimulate the immune system and as diuretics in diets. Elderberry is very rich in polyphenols, especially anthocyanins, which gives it its well-established anti-inflammatory and anti-infective properties. Larger studies need to be conducted in humans and a larger sample of the population, particularly in the areas of diabetes and cancer, providing the black elder with new potential for therapeutic use.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 1, 2019 - 3:58:31 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 16, 2019 - 1:42:40 AM

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Andréa Rabetokotany. Le sureau noir : une plante traditionnelle et contemporaine. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02302520⟩

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