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Master Thesis

Anorexie mentale masculine : revue de la littérature

Abstract : Anorexia nervosa has been broadly studied in female population, the most affected gender, while data on the male population are still lacking. The question of anorexia nervosa as a separate entity in men is often asked. This literature review aims to give answers to the following problem statement : does anorexia nervosa in males has the same characteristics as those described in female population ? In regards to the prevalence of the disease in the male population, it appears to be probably under-estimated. Clinically, male patients seem less concerned by their body and weight, except regarding their musculature. Physical hyperactivity doesn’t seem more marked than in female population. Risk factors suspected are : excess weight or premorbid obesity, anxiety and depressive disorders. Homosexuality would be frequent. As for its female counterparts, comorbid depression and anxiety disorders are common among males. Suicidal risk is also frequent, with a high death rate. Care recommendations in anorexia nervosa among the male population seem effective. Adjustments are necessary : patients need to be hosted in a welcoming care setting, their greatest difficulties in expressing their emotions should be taken into account and the interest of specific therapeutic groups has to be discussed. Our researchs do not highlight major differences between genders in anorexia nervosa, but studies on the subject are missing, and they have to be pursued. Specific screening and diagnostic tools to male patients needs to be developed in order to facilitate their access to care. The struggle against the stigma of eating disorders must be continued, and it is essential for the recognition of male subjects suffering from anorexia nervosa.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 29, 2020 - 6:01:35 PM
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Miléna Morel-Portelette. Anorexie mentale masculine : revue de la littérature. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02558684⟩

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