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Master Thesis

Éclairage sur les connaissances et sur la prise en charge de l’allergie alimentaire à l’arachide en médecine générale

Abstract : Objective: the aim of this work is to shed light on the knowledge and the management of peanut allergy in general medicine; we analysed the General Practitioners’ diagnostic and therapeutic approach, their perception and management of the emergency as well as the monitoring of patients allergic to peanuts in order to identify and provide adequate recommendations to improve practices. Method: a descriptive observational survey via an online questionnaire submitted to General Practitioners based in Gironde. Results: based on 111 answers, it appears that General Practitioners understand the importance of establishing a diagnosis of peanut allergy through additional examinations (71.2% of the participants prescribe biological tests; 82% declare having reverted to allergy specialists for further advice). However the nature of allergy assessments and therapeutic strategies are often poorly understood. Overall, we have observed a lack of knowledge on peanut allergy and its management, whether urgent or not. A large majority of the survey participants admit that they struggle to know how to manage the pathology in an optimal way. Several factors can explain these results: General Practitioners’s lack of training on food allergy, lack of collaboration between the various stakeholders involved in the care of the patients, potentially difficult access to allergy specialists, absence of clear directives for General Practitioners on this topic. Conclusion: our work suggests that a training in food allergy, a clear description of the tasks expected from the General Practitioners, the creation of digital tools and the presence of local allergy specialists would greatly improve the management of patients allergic to peanuts.
Mots-clés : Arachide Allergie
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02977164
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 24, 2020 - 10:05:02 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 7, 2020 - 3:12:30 AM

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Clémence Douillet. Éclairage sur les connaissances et sur la prise en charge de l’allergie alimentaire à l’arachide en médecine générale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02977164⟩

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