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Master Thesis

Analyse des signes communicationnels précoces des nouveau-nés grands et très grands prématurés

Abstract : Object: This research aims to quantitatively and qualitatively assess the early communication of very and extremely premature newborns using two tools: five early communicative signs from the literature and a free translation of the Rossetti Infant-Toddler Language Scale from zero to three months.
Method: This prospective single-center study on forty-four subjects took place at Antoine Béclère Hospital in Clamart. The control population consists of twenty-four full-term newborns, filmed during a bath at birth. The experimental population is made up of twenty very or extremely premature newborns: ten were filmed during a care at birth and the other ten during a bath when the non-prematurity threshold was reached. Two intercategory and one intracategory communication comparison plans have been established.
Results: At birth, sound emissions and body and facial gestures are more present in full-term newborns than in premature babies. All items selected in the Rossetti Scale are present in full-term newborns. Some are absent in premature babies, but the four communicational domains are represented in the same proportions in the two populations. Finally, the communication of premature babies is enriched both quantitatively and qualitatively during the first weeks of life.
Conclusion: Very and extremely premature newborns have early communication skills from birth, which progress significantly during the first weeks of life.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03342753
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Submitted on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 3:35:42 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 9:25:16 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03342753, version 1

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Clara Gardes, Éléa Suy. Analyse des signes communicationnels précoces des nouveau-nés grands et très grands prématurés. Sciences cognitives. 2021. ⟨dumas-03342753⟩

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