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Master Thesis

Les effets du sens de la cohérence sur la santé : une revue systématique de la littérature

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: The sense of coherence is a concept developed in psychology, defining an individual’s ability to understand its environment, mobilise resources to face events, and find a sufficient meaning in these events to justify resources mobilisation. Numerous studies suggested that SOC has a positive effect on health, but no literature review collected these results since 2007. The aim of our review was to search for SOC effects on health indicators. METHODS: Our literature review has followed PRISMA recommendations. Studies quality was evaluated using Newcastle and Ottawa grid. In order to find a possible causality, longitudinal studies only were included. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies were included. Thirteen of them concerned ambulatory care. Most positive criteria were pain, quality of life, lifestyle, and mortality. A link was found in 68% of the studies criteria: a greater SOC score implied better results. Nine of the investigated studies were of good quality. Our review was of average quality, once evaluated with AMSTAR 2 grid. DISCUSSION: Our literature review confirms SOC causal effect on health and our study brings forward a higher level of evidence. More studies should be done to find out whether targeted interventions can increase the SOC and if this increase could affect health indicators. Our thesis suggests that the concept of salutogenesis should be used in health care and his teaching in medical studies should be encouraged.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03390364
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 9, 2021 - 5:27:34 PM
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Nina Gautier. Les effets du sens de la cohérence sur la santé : une revue systématique de la littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03390364⟩

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