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Master Thesis

La dermite séborrhéique : revue de la littérature d’une pathologie de médecine générale

Abstract : Introduction: seborrheic dermatitis is a relatively common benign disease affecting 3 to 4% of the entire population. It alters the quality of life by the visibility of its lesions. Its pathophysiology is imperfectly known and its treatment is not the subject of recommendations. Method: this is a literature review carried out PubMed and GoogleScholar for 25 years. Results: it is influenced by stress, alcohol and sunshine. Diseases can promote its onset such as Parkinson's disease or Human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV). In terms of physiopathology, the role of Malassezia is known: it involves a non-specific inflammatory response linked to Malassezia. Clinically, the lesions are erythematous-scaly and mainly affect the face, scalp, back and trunk. There are several treatments for seborrheic dermatitis of the face: topical corticosteroids which should be preferred as a short course to induce remission. Ketoconazole, lithium succinate and ciclopiroxolamine in maintenance. Anticalcineurins have an effect similar to topical corticosteroids and can be used as maintenance therapy with good efficacy. The treatment of the scalp is essentially ketoconazole which can be combined with a local corticosteroid. Discussion: this bibliographical work allows an exhaustive approach of current knowledge on seborrheic dermatitis and to propose a treatment in general medicine by distinguishing the mild to moderate, moderate to severe and resistant forms.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03451572
Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire de Médecine Nice Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 3:15:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 4:10:59 PM

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2021NICEM079.pdf
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  • HAL Id : dumas-03451572, version 1

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Thomas Bernard. La dermite séborrhéique : revue de la littérature d’une pathologie de médecine générale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03451572⟩

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