Entre mythe et réalité, l'utilisation de la figure de Charlemagne à la fin du Moyen Âge (XIVe-XVe siècles)

Abstract : Charlemagne. This name is known by all the French since there childhood, particularly because of the myth which makes him the school's founder. In the Medieval history, he is one of the most important persons of the historic folklore, his survival had impregnated a millennium of our history. In the 12th century, it's a hero, a tutelary figure, epic, religious or even the prototype of the crusader king. The history of Charlemagne become a myth. In the end of the medieval period, his figure is very important and we can find it in different types of arts. This image is not codified, so the "reximperator" is decorated, or not, with some of his attributes, like his beard. The illuminator break some preconceived idea who still exist now. But, if this figure of Charlemagne is multiple, its implication is eminently politics and an instrument in the hands of the different successor of Charles in France or in the Western Empire. This two geographic territory have an "idealogical conflict" about the Charles person's who is source of legitimacy for us. Nevertheless, France and the Western Empire have a different approach about the utilization of the Charlemagne's figure. In the western Empire, he is used for the glorification of the emperor, the Charlemagne's image is not thinking in a global and national politic. France becomes attached with the epic, the legendary and the historic figure of the Franc king. The French propaganda develops and confirms the idea of a French excellence. Even more, Charles is the cornerstone in the transformation of the French monarchy where the king becomes "imperator in suo regno".
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Romain Cordonnier. Entre mythe et réalité, l'utilisation de la figure de Charlemagne à la fin du Moyen Âge (XIVe-XVe siècles). Histoire. 2009. ⟨dumas-00407637⟩

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