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Master Thesis

Les pathologies respiratoires et oto-rhino-laryngologiques chez les bébés nageurs

Abstract : Introduction : It seems to exist a link between respiratory, EST diseases and the "baby swimming" activity. We wanted to check if this link of causality existed in France where the standards of trichloramine in the air of pools, the suspected risk factor, are different from the other European countries.

Methods : A retrospective study exposed ("baby swimming" for at least 6 months) versus not was realized over 4 months. The children were from 0 to 3 years old during the collection of data and looked after either by childminder or day-nursery (same distribution in both groups). Parents of both groups of children filled a questionnaire on the existence of respiratory diseases and ENT at their children.

Results : 185 children were included among which 100 "baby swimmers". These last ones had more rhinopaharyngitis [OR: 2,22, IC 95 % (1,13-4,38)]. For the "baby swimmers", we have recovered a tendency to had less bronchiolitis [OR: 0,55, IC 95 % (0,28-1,08)] and more pharyngitises [OR: 2,24, IC 95 % (0,94-5,44)].

Conclusion : The Practice of "baby swimming" does not seem without consequence opposite appearance of respiratory diseases and ENT. A prospective study with a more important sample of "baby swimmers" as well as a study on water and air of swimming pools could complete this investigation.

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Submitted on : Friday, April 15, 2011 - 10:34:45 AM
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Anthony Sarfati. Les pathologies respiratoires et oto-rhino-laryngologiques chez les bébés nageurs. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2010. ⟨dumas-00586162⟩

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