Sociabilité savante et transmission de savoirs dans Éloges des académiciens de l'Académie royale des sciences par le Marquis de Condorcet

Abstract : Condorcet (1743-1794) had a name that everyone heard. He is known as a glorious man of the Age of Enlightenment and of the French Revolution. He is also known for his legislative work about education in the 18th century. But, behind the shadows of political action, is his scientific activity, which is mostly treated in Tableau historique des progrès de l'esprit humain. This study will present his Éloges des académiciens de l'Académie royale des sciences, written between 1776 and 1791, during he was permanent secretary but also during Grandjean de Fouchy was in place four years before. This precious piece of writing is made of our thousand pages and recounts about sixty one lifes of scientists. We cannot study here each praise in details, but this writing will give to the reader a general approach of Condorcet's work through two axis: the scientific sociability and the transmission of knowledge. It will be developed in three points. First the praises are giving a particular picture of the royal academy as an institution and through his activity. The relations between his members (friendships and intellectual wars) will also be treated in the same time. Then, as these writings are the work of one man, Condorcet, it is very interesting to see what he put from his personal and enlighten ideas into the praises and which part these ones play in his life. Because we cannot could'nt see every praise in this study, we will focus on four of them with more details than in the two first parts. Theses ones are La Condamine, d'Alembert, Fouchy and Buffon. The main idea of this writing is to give to the next readers of the Éloges des académiciens some tracks to follow, and find more quickly the object of their hunt researches into them.
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Master Thesis
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Christophe Germier. Sociabilité savante et transmission de savoirs dans Éloges des académiciens de l'Académie royale des sciences par le Marquis de Condorcet. Histoire. 2011. ⟨dumas-00673490⟩

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