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Master Thesis

Doubles, doubles, they cause trouble

Abstract : The aim of this mémoire was to focus on the pair Pip/Orlick in Great Expectations and to show how the villain answered all the criteria one could attribute to the figure of the double. This novel introduces all sorts of pairs but what is particular with our study is that it revolves around the relationship between the hero and a secondary character. Orlick, as a proper double, will turn out to be a rival, a mirror image, a daemon, and a shadow, but also a clear representation of Freud's theory on the return of the repressed. Another interesting point in our research is going to be the part dedicated to Great Expectations as a vivd reproduction of Darwin's revolutionary theory of evolution. Furthermore, we will need to try and understand the reasons that make Orlick force Pip into accepting him as his double and the reasons why the latter won't. Finally, we will show that the blacksmith is not your average secondary character and that Dickens has been inspired by two crucial figures to create him, namely Frankenstein's creature and Hephaestus. After all this, it will be time for us to draw the conclusion that Orlick was given a clearly symbolic role in regards to Pip and that such a relationship calls for a focus on the notion of acceptance of an individual in one's life and also on the notion of one's identity in the eyes of others.
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Sharon-Marie Hagege. Doubles, doubles, they cause trouble. Literature. 2011. ⟨dumas-00681295⟩

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