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Master Thesis

Structure de la réalité & Réalité de la structure

Abstract : What is structuralism from a metaphysical point of view (and especially in Anglo-Saxon contemporary metaphysics) ? After briefly justifying the possibility of metaphysics in introduction, we start answering this question by studying a classical ontological system, namely the 'ontological square'. This Aristotelian system has recently been given a careful analysis by E.J. Lowe. It structures reality thanks to two distinctions, the distinction between universals and particulars and between substances and accidents. However, according to B. Russell and D.W. Mertz, it seems that, precisely, structuralism stems from the rejection of such a system. We therefore criticize such a system so as to state that particular relations are the only existing ontological category. This concept of relation is closely connected to the concept of structure (a structure is a set of relations). Hence the following conclusion: only particular structures exist, and, to exist, for a structure, is to manifest its own identity by dynamically linking its elements.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00690008
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Submitted on : Friday, April 20, 2012 - 6:00:40 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00690008, version 1

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Adrien Du Moulinet d'Hardemare. Structure de la réalité & Réalité de la structure. Philosophie. 2011. ⟨dumas-00690008⟩

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