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Master Thesis

Simuler la baisse de fécondité indienne

Abstract : A demographic transition has two stages: first, a mortality decline, after a fertility decline. In my work, I center on the second. In India, the fertility decline is compared to a spatial diffusion. My assumption is based on individual interactions between mixed persons are the main motive of this diffusion. I use the emergence concept. Therefore, hypothesis set for micro scale can structure the macro scale. In order to study the fertility decline, I use the individual scale with the multi-agents system. The first presents the theoretical and conceptual context. The second make explicit my model and all kind of diffusion. The last explain the results. Researchers identified several variables which are influential on fertility. Among them, I select a set of variables and criterions. My aim is determinate the most influential variables or criterions on diffusion's velocity and failure. For this, I employ three kind of diffusion. The first concerns diffusion with homogenous persons. The second apply heterogeneous persons. These both not consider the distance. On the other hand, the last kind of diffusion use heterogeneous persons, but diffusion considers the distance. My work is split in three parts. The results reveal some influential criterions. I identify so several spatial forms. But the most interesting is that, without consideration of distance, there is not spatial diffusion.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 15, 2013 - 9:27:52 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 11:09:40 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 16, 2013 - 3:53:16 AM


  • HAL Id : dumas-00776119, version 1


yoann Doignon. Simuler la baisse de fécondité indienne. Géographie. 2010. ⟨dumas-00776119⟩



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