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Master Thesis

Expliquer Dieu, l'Homme et le monde : recourir au surnaturel en France (1751-1817)

Abstract : How many terms do we believe to master in their plurality of significations and expression contexts, therefor using them in a regular and casual way? However in which proportion are we mistaken as of their real means and implications? This questioning is inescapable for us when it concerns unclear terms referring to a large range of, sometimes antagonist, representations, precisely as the one that is heart of this study: supernatural. It is obvious to percept a lot of mistaken ideas involving an object whose definition is supposed by an inaccurate nature, and carries a large amount of dreams and fantasies. Put in parallel with this precise moment in European history which corresponds at the transition between XVIIIth and XIXth century, the study of this notion of supernatural takes un unavoidable dimension, because of the presumed choc that it seems to implicate between a philosophical rationalism , spearhead of enlightened philosophy, and a set of expressions that we would place on the opposite of this last one, as of their more likely eccentric aspect and out of any demonstration and scientific reasoning. Yet , the approach consisting to ban the idea of supernatural from a period associated to triumphing enlightened reason would prove two things : on one hand a misunderstanding of the real definition of this term and on the other hand a historical mistake that leads to ignorance of its implications, as numerous as they are crucial. The objective of this dissertation is to re-establish supernatural in its most large and faithful acceptation, to be able to re-place in the heart of crucial stakes which are those of a period rich in deep mutations, relative to the progress of Mankind's knowledge in the world , God or itself.
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Master Thesis
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Christophe Bel. Expliquer Dieu, l'Homme et le monde : recourir au surnaturel en France (1751-1817). Histoire. 2012. ⟨dumas-00785654⟩

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