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Master Thesis

Le bois de la guerre : quand l'anthracologie contribue à l'histoire des forêts du Nord-Pas-de-Calais (1803-1805)

Abstract : This charcoal analysis is based on the taxonomic identification of 1758 pieces of charcoal found in sixteen huts on the archaeological site of Etaples which corresponds to the Napoleonic camp of the 69th line. The aim is to understand the modes of firewood acquisition by Napoleonic troops and to contribute to the understanding of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais forests history. The integration of charcoal analysis and historical texts highlights two wood supply strategy: the first one from coppices and mature plantations of beech, oak and hornbeam exploited by the firewood supplier and the second one, composed of birch, alder, poplar and willow, which corresponds to forest stands located near the camp. The soldiers, depending their needs, gather this species, identified by charcoal analysis. We estimate that thousand hectares per year were necessary to fulfil the requirement Napoleon's army's needs for building timber and firewood. This charcoal analysis supports historical sources and initiates a new line of research for a period and a context that are little explored by archaeobotanists.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00906450
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 19, 2013 - 5:26:40 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 3:38:21 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, February 20, 2014 - 9:40:22 AM

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Germain Hello. Le bois de la guerre : quand l'anthracologie contribue à l'histoire des forêts du Nord-Pas-de-Calais (1803-1805). Sciences agricoles. 2013. ⟨dumas-00906450⟩

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