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Master Thesis

Une faible consommation d'alcool pendant la grossesse est-elle nuisible au fœtus ?‎ Une revue critique de la littérature

Abstract : The dramatic consequences of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure are well known, but the effects of low levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy are controversial and official recommendations thereon differ between countries. In France, 23% of women continue to drink alcohol during pregnancy. We have conducted a critical review of literature concerning the association of low level alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the effects on the fetus. A search was conducted from September 2012 to July 2013 in the main databases. The articles corresponding to the predefined inclusion criteria were retrieved and evaluated in terms of quality with the Newcastle Ottawa scale. Among 4655 titles resulting from the research, 11 publications met the inclusion criteria. There was no evidence of association between a maternal alcohol consumption inferior to 2 standard drinks per week and an increased risk of fetal death, growth disorder, prematurity or fetal malformations. However, there were important methodological weaknesses and a large heterogeneity among the studies in this review. In the current state of knowledge, the safest choice for pregnant women is to not consume alcohol. This message should be delivered by every health professional, along with information regarding the effects of alcohol on the child. High powered studies with a standardized protocol and an accurate assessment of the consumption model should examine implications of low prenatal exposure to short, medium and long term.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00921432
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Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2013 - 1:52:32 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:16 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, March 21, 2014 - 5:25:12 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-00921432, version 1

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Camille Vassy. Une faible consommation d'alcool pendant la grossesse est-elle nuisible au fœtus ?‎ Une revue critique de la littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2013. ⟨dumas-00921432⟩

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