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Master Thesis

Les facteurs de risque cardiovasculaires dans la population tsigane : état des lieux au sein de l’agglomération paloise

Abstract : Background: Life expectancy within the French Gypsy community is 15 years lower than in the general population. Professionals working within these communities have helped highlight the role of cardiovascular risk factors in explaining this difference although few studies try to prove it. The main objective of this work is to illustrate various findings using quantitative data. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in the Manush community in Pau from October 8, 2013 to July 3, 2014. Fifty patients were included, 17 men and 33 women, all living in a caravan habitat. It was conducted through a questionnaire covering various cardiovascular risk factors. These questionnaires were filled on site inside the gypsy communities. Results: The study included 18% diabetics, 32% people suffering from hypertension while 28% of the sample had a lipid abnormality and 34% were smokers. Overweight and obesity are alarming. Overweight effected 40% of the population and 38% of patients had 30 BMI while waist circumference was abnormally high for 64% of them. The comparison with the general population is remarkable as the rates of risk factors are significantly higher in the Manush community. Cultural differences, the prevalence of rich meals, social insecurity, difficulties understanding and adhering to prevention techniques help explain these data. Conclusion: Early care, education and awareness of issues within the Manush community are some of the first ways to reduce these health problems. Thus it is essential to sensitize medical staff about behaviors and practices within such gypsy communities.
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Master Thesis
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Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 16, 2014 - 10:18:40 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 23, 2017 - 4:30:54 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01095710, version 1



Catherine Papon. Les facteurs de risque cardiovasculaires dans la population tsigane : état des lieux au sein de l’agglomération paloise. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01095710⟩



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