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Master Thesis

Transhumanisme et héritage prométhéen : cartographie des mondes posthumains

Abstract : Since 2002, we have become acquainted with an emerging revolution, one that concerns "Converging technologies", also known as NBIC (an acronym for Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information technology and Cognitive science). This technological revolution is associated with a scientific one that is often called the "little BANG", where "BANG" refers to both the Big Bang and the four fundamental components of NBIC, "Bits, Atoms, Neurons, Genes". NBIC enable us to manipulate matter on an atomic and molecular scale. On this scale, the organic/inorganic, human/machine, living/non-living distinctions break down, making possible the combination between them. NBIC’s ambitions are carried to the highest level by transhumanists who wish for humanity to direct the future course of human evolution. They advocate for the transition from humanity as we know it to a posthumanity, that is, a technologically enhanced humanity beyond its natural limitations. This means, on the one hand, to stave off or to eliminate aging, disease, disability and even death; and, on the other, to enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities.
The purpose of this research is to provide a philosophical perspective on such emerging technologies and, most importantly, on their different ideas and ideals of progress. We focus on transhumanism, the main objective being to wrest it from the fetters of prejudices, biases and éthiquettes of all sorts in order to consider it as what it strives to be and to test its philosophical pertinence. We equally explore the imaginary of progress and the influence of science-fiction stories on the technological and scientific innovation.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 29, 2015 - 2:47:57 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01146997, version 1



Nicolas Crozatier. Transhumanisme et héritage prométhéen : cartographie des mondes posthumains. Philosophie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01146997⟩



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