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Master Thesis

Influence des variables didactiques sur la résolution d’un problème d’énumération en maternelle : situation « Un chien dans chaque niche »

Abstract : The study presented concerns the approach of quantities and numbers in nursery school, in particular the enumeration. In mathematics, the enumeration is, with the counting, an essential component in the enumeration of objects. It consists in passing in review once and only one each element of a collection. Through the situation described by Briand (1997), we implement(operate) a didactic situation allowing to limit the difficulties in the enumeration. So, we establish, with a class of 26 pupils of GS, the situation "A dog in each kennel", having for main objective to put a dog and only one in each kennel. The sequence presents a part where the research is individual and an other one where the research is done in pairs. The two main variables that we modify concern the size of the collection and the working modality of the pupils. We seek to know the influences which these variables can have on the success rate of the pupils and on their resolution procedures. Following to the data analysis, we can notice that a change of variable causes both a temporary decrease of the success rate and the establishment of increasingly expert procedures allowing to take into account two collections: that of the already enumerated objects and that of objects remaining to enumerate. This study thus allows to bring up the specific obstacles to the enumeration, where the pupils have to organize a logical progress in order to count an important collection.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01239228
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Submitted on : Monday, December 7, 2015 - 3:23:29 PM
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Solène Gautheron. Influence des variables didactiques sur la résolution d’un problème d’énumération en maternelle : situation « Un chien dans chaque niche ». Education. 2015. ⟨dumas-01239228⟩

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