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Master Thesis

Traitements et conduites dopantes des alpinistes sur la voie normale du mont Blanc

Abstract : Mont Blanc is a very popular summit, including for little trained mountaineers. The majority suffers from acute mountain sickness during the ascent, sometimes justifying a suitable medication. Consumption of doping products is also likely in this population. The objective of this study was to evaluate drug consumption during the ascent of Mont Blanc, and identify potential doping behaviors. An observational study was conducted between July and September 2013 on the normal route of Mont Blanc. The subjects studied were climbers staying at the refuge du Goûter. An automated collector installed on a urinal, based on the detection of liquid, collected blindly individual urine samples. Molecules included in the 2014 World Anti Doping Agency list of banned products and hypnotic drugs, benzodiazepines, and 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitors were searched for. 268 samples were analyzed: 107 (39.9%) were positive. Most samples contained molecules used for the prevention or treatment of acute mountain sickness (Acetazolamide: 20.1% analgesics: 3%, hypnotics 9.1 %), or treatments used for chronic or common diseases. Among the positive samples 8.4 % were considered indicative of doping behavior (nicéthamide, Cocaine), 29.9 % were equivocal and 61.7 % were indicative of an appropriate treatment. The drug consumption in the normal route of mont Blanc is significant, and seems mostly suited for the prevention and / or symptomatic treatment of altitude illness. However, our data suggests that doping behaviors exist within the population studied.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01254622
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2016 - 2:57:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:18 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01254622, version 1

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Gilles Trebes. Traitements et conduites dopantes des alpinistes sur la voie normale du mont Blanc. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01254622⟩

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