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Master Thesis

La figuration anthropomorphe dans l’art rupestre préhistorique et protohistorique de la région du mont Bego (Tende, Alpes-Maritimes) : modalités du schématisme, cadres chrono-culturels et pluralité des sens

Abstract : Mount Bego altitude site, in Alpes-Maritimes (France), is the second most important concentration of prehistoric and protohistoric rock carvings in Western Europe, after the one of Valcamonica-Valtellina in Lombardy (Italy). Among some 35 000 of figurative signs currently listed (mostly corniforms, geometric figures and weapons), anthropomorphic –who had never been a specific study– account for just over 1%. Their role is nevertheless essential in most attempts at interpretating symbolic engravings. Archaeological and paleoenvironmental data indicate a human presence on the site since the Early Neolithic, and successive occupations fit quite well in the broader scheme of gradual colonization of the Alps by prehistoric and protohistoric human groups. We begin debating the identification of schematic anthropomorphic rock art and in terms of its representation at mount Bego. In addition, we establish an illustrated inventory of all anthropomorphic site (vol. II). An important chapter of the memory is dedicated to the periodization of human figures. Within the chronology of other engravings, where do the different anthropomorphic lie? In essence, their realization appears to extend between the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age. We finally end up with the introduction of a ethnoarchaeological reflection, both around anthropomorphic : what really represent these images? What are their functions? But also about the engravers : who are they? What relations do they have with human figures? The explanations of prehistoric imagery frequently draw from the religious-mythological repertoire. The socio-economic phenomena which also govern prove of comparable complexity.
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Master Thesis
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Jules Masson Mourey. La figuration anthropomorphe dans l’art rupestre préhistorique et protohistorique de la région du mont Bego (Tende, Alpes-Maritimes) : modalités du schématisme, cadres chrono-culturels et pluralité des sens. Archéologie et Préhistoire. 2016. ⟨dumas-01361951⟩

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