Men's knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning in Kenya

Abstract : The Family Planning Programme in Kenya has always approached the issue of fertility regulation with females as the target group, while ignoring men who are equally involved in the process of reproduction/procreation, and who in many communities are the main decision-makers. In the same tradition, most studies that have been conducted or, the level of awareness and practice of family planning have focused on women, rather than on both gender. As a result, men's knowledge and attitude of family planning is often misunderstood and shrouded in uncertainty (where people act on rumours and wrong perceptions of methods). This study set out to investigate men's knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning in Kenya, and how they are influenced by various demographic, socio-economic and socio-culural factors namely age, marital status, current family size, education, preferred family size, exposure to mass media, place of residence, religion and type of marital union. The ultimate aim is to generate information that can form the basis of programmes to improve men's awareness, approval and acceptance, and consistent use of family planning methods. Data for the study was drawn from a carefully sampled field survey and the 1993 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (the male questionnaire component), which covered 2,336 men, aged 20-54 years. The sample was national in scope, based on the national master plan maintained by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Analysis was undertaken using three statistical methods namely frequency distribution and percentages, cross-tabulation and the chi square, and finally logistic regression analysis, all performed with the help of a computer package-SPSS/PC +. Major findings of the study indicate that there is high level of knowledge (awareness) of family planning methods and source and favourable attitude among men in Kenya, but limited readiness to use both as clients and supportive partners. The most widely known methods were the condom (94.5%), the pill (92.9%), female sterilization (86.3%), and periodic abstinence (84.2%). There was an almost universal approval as 90.8% of the men interviewed approved of family planning. However, this reported high knowledge and considerably favourable attitude has not been translated into practice. While about 50 percent of the respondents reported current use of "any" method, further analysis of practice of specific modern methods revealed that, a part from the condom (12.4%), less than 10 percent of men were actually practising any specific method. Based on the findings, a number of relevant recommendations for policy and areas of further research are suggested. There should be increased use of radio aid newspapers as a channel for disseminating family planning information; family planning education should be introduced in primary school education curriculum, possibly in Home science lessons; there should also be deliberate programs to change men's preferred family sizes, which is still high(over four children). Further research should address the gap between high knowledge, positive attitude on one hand, and very low use on the other hand, and between ever-use and current use of specific methods.
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Mémoires
Demography. 1999
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Soumis le : mercredi 14 septembre 2016 - 14:01:02
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 août 2017 - 16:33:31
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01366295, version 1

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Owuor Peter Otieno. Men's knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning in Kenya. Demography. 1999. 〈dumas-01366295〉

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