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Master Thesis

L'infraction et l'automobiliste : étude des comportements routiers infractionnels appliquée au cas du feu orange

Abstract : This master thesis questions car user's behavior in breaching the highway code. To do so, we'll try to understand how the mechanisms which trigger traffic offences work. However, we choose to focus on small traffic offences (which are punished with penalties such as fines) and especially the particular case of the breach of the orange traffic light (also called yellow traffic light).
At first sight, the orange traffic light offence seems to be quite common among French car users. Nonetheless, the only figures which could have let us quantify this kind of vehicule infractions are from a survey of AXA insurance compagny - a private compagny. This is the reason why we'll intend to produce an independant study on the same topic.
To quantify and understand those behaviors, we created a research protocol which is made of two complementary methods. One of them is to count the number of infractions on the field and to associate it to some observations. The second one is to conduct a social survey about car user's behavior when they confront a traffic light and its different colors.
The results collected show that the infraction we had focused on was a common pratice. As for what motivate people to enforce the law, it seems to be a way more than to "save time". Moreover, we happen to understand that a lot of car users were not aware of the highway code regarding to the orange light and that regular car users make this road offence more frequently than other users. We'll also see that the orange light offence is closely linked to another more serious infraction which is the red light offence.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01516021, version 1


Johan Morel. L'infraction et l'automobiliste : étude des comportements routiers infractionnels appliquée au cas du feu orange. Géographie. 2016. ⟨dumas-01516021⟩