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Master Thesis

Vieillissement et comportement alimentaire : impact de la santé orale des personnes âgées sur leurs prises alimentaires et leurs apports en nutriments

Abstract : In the demographic context of ageing in France, AlimaSSenS project has been developed by the CSGA in Dijon in order to study the relation between oral health and comfort in mouth, in an independent elderly population. The present study deals with results from a food survey that has been leaded as a part of the project. AlimaSSenS’s food survey was a food record. 62 elderly volunteers (>65 yo) were recruited in order to record their food consumption during 5 days in a diary. Food quantities have been measured with a digital scale or with a picture book. Oral health discriminates participants for meat consumption and protein intakes. Indeed, individuals that have a good stimulated salivary flow show higher quantity ingested of meat and higher protein intakes. There are two category of participant: “small eaters” and “big eaters”. “Big eaters” macronutrient and energy intakes are significantly higher. These categories are based on the salivary flow in resting condition variable. “Small eaters” have a salivary flow in resting condition significantly lower (0.30 ml/min) than “big eaters” (0.38 ml/min) (p=0.0535). AlimaSSenS food survey enriches senior alimentation description with an explanation of the link between oral health and elderly’s alimentation. This information is useful to promote an innovative food supply that fits elderly needs and expectations.
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Master Thesis
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Ségolène Fleury. Vieillissement et comportement alimentaire : impact de la santé orale des personnes âgées sur leurs prises alimentaires et leurs apports en nutriments. Alimentation et Nutrition. 2017. ⟨dumas-01630936⟩

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