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Master Thesis

Prévalence des infections à Chlamydia trachomatis chez les femmes consultant en centres de dépistage Ouest et Sud de la Réunion

Abstract : Introduction: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) reported in Europe and the United States. This infection is mostly asymptomatic and is responsible for important sequelae in women. The main objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) in women visiting the sexually transmitted infection clinic of Reunion island. Secondary objectives are to determine the risk factors associated with Ct infection in this population, to collect epidemiological data on patients attending these screening centers and to assess the presence of other STIs. Methods: a descriptive, retrospective study was conducted in the West and South STI clinics of Reunion island from 1 September 2014 to 1 August 2015. All women living in Reunion island who had a result for Chlamydia trachomatis infection, from a genital specimen, during this period were included. Results: of the 620 patients who were screened, 41 patients had a Ct infection with an overall prevalence of 6.6%. This prevalence was higher between 12 and 17 years (14.9%). Risk factors for Ct infection, identified in this study, were the young age of the patient, early sexual intercourse, a lack of screening history or the following reasons for consultation: "infidelity of the partner" and "infected partner". Conclusion: the prevalence of Ct infection is high among minors in Reunion island. A similar study in community medicine would be useful to improve the prevention, screening and management of STIs, in particular by the general practitioner who plays a key role in sexual health among young people.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, December 15, 2017 - 4:17:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 20, 2017 - 1:20:38 AM


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Clara Duval. Prévalence des infections à Chlamydia trachomatis chez les femmes consultant en centres de dépistage Ouest et Sud de la Réunion. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2017. ⟨dumas-01665261⟩



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