Ce que « casseurs » veut dire : la figure de l'ennemi dans le discours politique

Abstract : This study presents a synchronic and diachronic analysis of the lexeme "casseurs" (a French term meaning "breakers", used colloquially to describe rioters), assessing its usage during the social protests against the French "labour law" reforms. While the diachronic part of this essay draws on the archives of the newspaper "Le Monde" to understand the genesis of the term, the synchronic analysis draws on a corpus comprising speeches held by members of the government throughout different media between March 1st and September 30th 2016 which addressed the violence at the protests. By comparing "casseurs" with other lexemes associated with the resort to violence, the author demonstrates that "casseurs" can be considered to be the prototype of the category "violent protest", since it comprises all of the semes which arose from this corpus, and it also bears all of the characteristics proper to such a prototype (particularly in cognitive and frequential terms) The use of prototypical term aims to designate political enemies. By analyzing speeches and semantics, this article demonstrates the desire of the political sphere to build a consensus based on Republican values in order to resist an internal enemy.
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Master Thesis
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Pierre Chartier. Ce que « casseurs » veut dire : la figure de l'ennemi dans le discours politique. Linguistique. 2017. ⟨dumas-01697017⟩

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