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Master Thesis

Identification des restes archéologiques du genre Pistacia L. : approches morphologique et morphométrique traditionnelle et géométrique

Abstract : While the ‘true’ pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) is widely cultivated today, the genus Pistacia also comprises several other, wild, species that are traditionally used in different ways. The frequent occurrences of endocarps (the internal and lignified part of the pistachio fruit) on prehistoric sites in South-West Asia indicate that pistachios constituted a currently used resource in the past too. In the absence of a systematic study of the fruit morphology, the archaeobotanical remains of pistachio cannot be identified to the species level and this shortcoming deprives us of important information on their past geographical distribution and uses. A first aim of the present work was to constitute a reference collection of modern endocarps representing the species growing in the Mediterranean region, in Anatolia and in the Near East. On the basis of these individuals we have used three different approaches to explore and describe their morphological variability: a morphological study as well as traditional and geometric morphometrics. The results have been applied to archaeological samples in order to obtain for the first time species-level identifications of pistachio remains from Neolithic sites in South-West Asia. This so far unknown information has allowed us to begin a discussion on their implications in terms of palaeoenvironments and the use of resources.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01860439
Contributor : Anne-Lise Millan-Brun <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 17, 2018 - 4:05:39 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 10, 2021 - 10:40:45 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, January 18, 2019 - 12:44:11 PM

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Maria Rousou. Identification des restes archéologiques du genre Pistacia L. : approches morphologique et morphométrique traditionnelle et géométrique. Archéologie et Préhistoire. 2018. ⟨dumas-01860439⟩

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