Évaluation de la perception des facteurs de stress prénatal chez les femmes enceintes consultant au Gynépôle de Marseille Comparaison entre primipares et multipares

Abstract : Introduction: Pregnancy is a period of psycho-emotional vulnerability which may increase the level of stress of pregnant women. Many studies show that prenatal stress has harmful effects on the fetus, the child, and the future adult, and can increase the risk of developing postpartum depression. Aims: To assess the level of prenatal stress of pregnant women consulting at the CHU of Marseille. Secondary goals: to compare stress factor perception between primiparous and multiparous women, to compare the level of stress between the three trimesters of pregnancy and to evaluate the correlation between those factors. Materials and methods: A descriptive, comparative study was carried out through a questionnaire using the Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory (APSI) (Razurel et al. 2013). The two study groups were primiparous and multiparous women consulting at the Gynépôle. Results: Results show a high level of stress for the items regarding the baby’s health, the obstetric or medical problems that can occur during pregnancy, and the items regarding the events of the delivery (epidural, episiotomy, delivery date). The study shows as well, that the primiparous women are much more stressed during pregnancy than the multiparous, and that the items are all significantly correlated. Conclusion: Pregnancy leads to a high level of stress, especially for primiparous women who experience it for the first time. Results are in favor of creating a better caring for these women, by installing prenatal preparation for birth and childhood at the CHU of Marseille, at the very beginning of pregnancy, as well as a personal follow-up during the pregnancy for women who feel the most stressed, according to the APSI scale.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01945924
Contributor : École Universitaire de Maïeutique Marseille Méditerranée (eu3m) <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2018 - 4:06:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 18, 2019 - 11:34:06 PM
Long-term archiving on : Wednesday, March 6, 2019 - 3:10:44 PM

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Camille Coste. Évaluation de la perception des facteurs de stress prénatal chez les femmes enceintes consultant au Gynépôle de Marseille Comparaison entre primipares et multipares. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2018. ⟨dumas-01945924⟩

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