A literature review of screening scales used for the diagnosis of elder abuse

Abstract : Elder abuse is a public health problem. However, its prevalence is largely underestimated as, according to the WHO, only 1 case out of 24 would be detected. One of the reasons is the lack of a standardized screening tool, even though several screening scales have been developed since the 1980s. Aim : the purpose of this study was to identify, describe and classify the scales according to their reliability data in order to find the most appropriate one for general practice. Method : a systematic review questioning PubMed, PsycINFO and BDSP databases was undertaken on April 2018. It included articles with screening scales used for diagnosis of elder abuse, validated or not. A second search was achieved using the bibliography of the included articles. Results : of the 1041 articles found, 61 were included of which 6 were included thanks to the study of the bibliography of included articles. 36 screening scales were classified by type of maltreatment and screening method, and then by their reliability data. Conclusion : the scales had different reliability results, some had excellent psychometric data, some needed additional studies with other samples, others did not yet have validity data but were promising tools. They also differed by their purpose, their target, their place of setting, the type of abuse and their language version, hence the difficulty of comparing them and recommend a single tool. The possibility of using multiple tools combined should be considered in order to evaluate all aspects of violence.
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Master Thesis
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Maud Tranchevent. A literature review of screening scales used for the diagnosis of elder abuse. Life Sciences [q-bio]. 2017. ⟨dumas-01984531⟩

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