L’homicide-suicide : une revue de la littérature

Abstract : Homicide-suicide is a rare phenomenon, provoking many questions because of its tragic significance, strongly nourished by its mediatization. It is defined by any murder or murder attempt followed by suicide or suicide attempt within a short time (usually 24 hours). The complexity of the subject induces multiple questions and aims : the determination of the primary intentionality (suicidal or homicidal), the analysis of the acting out or the establishment of classifications and typologies in order to satisfy the quest of understanding and to develop preventive strategies. Method A review of recent literature was realized to update existing data. Results Homicide-suicide, while showing similarities to suicide or simple homicide, seems to be a separate act. In addition, specific and general constants tend to become individualized. Most studies conclude that the author is mostly a depressed man, killing a woman (intimate partner) with a firearm, before killing himself by the same method. The acting out usually follows a precipitating event (separation, illness, dismissal). From these constants, different conceptions of the phenomenon arise according to the author-victim relationship or the motivational support. Conclusion The highlighting of these conceptions contributes to formulate prevention trails for mental health professionals, but requires transdisciplinary inputs, because of the multifactorial and specific aspects of homicide-suicide.
Document type :
Master Thesis
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [228 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02088342
Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 2, 2019 - 6:16:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 10, 2019 - 1:23:33 AM
Long-term archiving on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 5:15:17 PM

File

 Restricted access
To satisfy the distribution rights of the publisher, the document is embargoed until : 2019-10-31

Please log in to resquest access to the document

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : dumas-02088342, version 1

Collections

Citation

Olivia Dubroca. L’homicide-suicide : une revue de la littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02088342⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

60