Caractéristiques des connaissances sur l'équilibre nutritionnel des personnes végétariennes ou végétaliennes chez les médecins généralistes normands

Abstract : Almost 3% of the French population are vegetarian, according to the French National Institute for Agricultural Research. Nowadays there are no scientific data about the number of vegan French people. It is scientifically established that those diets present a risk of vitamin B12, fatty acids or iodine deficiency. A quantitative study based on a paper questionnaire has been conducted and sent to a sample of 500 general practitioners in Normandy, to assess their eating habits and their knowledge about vegetarian and vegan diets using four clinical situations (vegan man, vegan pregnant woman, vegetarian athletic man and vegetarian child). 146 practitioners answered to this questionnaire, among 500 who had been randomized. A small proportion of those general practitioners were on a vegetarian diet, in a comparable one to the French National Institute for Agricultural Research demographic data. However, a majority of these practitioners report knowing someone practicing one of these diets, in their family or patients. The results of the study show an insufficient knowledge of the vegetarian and vegan diets composition, as well as the vitamin B12, fatty acids or iodine deficiency prevalence in these patients. But it also shows that many practitioners focus their attention on these patients’ proteins or iron inputs, although studies are mostly reassuring on these points. An informative leaflet containing bibliographical data concerning potential shortcomings related to these diets, to the relevant biological analysis as well as the appropriate supplementation has been written. It seems important that general practitioners are better informed about these diets, in order to educate their patients accordingly.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02097968
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Submitted on : Friday, April 12, 2019 - 11:53:14 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02097968, version 1

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Loïc Passelergue. Caractéristiques des connaissances sur l'équilibre nutritionnel des personnes végétariennes ou végétaliennes chez les médecins généralistes normands. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02097968⟩

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