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Master Thesis

Évaluation de la prise en charge des dysfonctions orales chez les personnes atteintes de trisomie 21 en France

Abstract : Down syndrome is a chromosomal anomaly discovered in 1958 by Professors Turpin and Lejeune. Today, in France, about 50.000 people carry this syndrome. Down syndrome also impacts the orofacial sphere with malformations and dysfunctions. Therefore, dentists can participate in the care of patients with Down syndrome. Many dental appliances have been created to stimulate orofacial muscles, and thus improve functions such as chewing, breathing, swallowing and phonation. The goal of this dissertation is to assess the medical care of oral dysfunctions for patients with Down syndrome in France. The survey is based on questionaries collected from 59 parents of children with Down syndrome and 180 dentists. The analysis of their answers reveals a significant correlation between children’s age and their parents’s level of knowledge concerning medical equipments. In fact, we observe that the parents of young children are better informed than those of elder ones, what permits to conclude on an improvement of the medical information conveyed to parents over time. We also observe that while many dentists are familiar with such equipments, few of them actually use it. This does however does not reflect a lack of interest on their side, as 63.8% of them declare they would be ready to attend trainings in order to be more familiar with them.
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Contributor : Frédérique Gambade <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 19, 2019 - 2:23:40 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 11, 2019 - 1:18:48 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 9, 2020 - 3:28:02 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-02267559, version 1



Guillemette Giraud. Évaluation de la prise en charge des dysfonctions orales chez les personnes atteintes de trisomie 21 en France. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02267559⟩